Here are some suggestions from the ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) newsletter:
- Children should not approach, touch or play with any dog who is sleeping, eating or caring for puppies.
- Children should not pet unfamiliar dogs without asking permission from the dog’s guardian first. If the guardian says it is okay, the child should first let the dog sniff his closed hand.
- If a child sees a dog off-leash outside, he should tell an adult immediately.
- If a loose dog comes near a child, she should not run or scream. Instead, she should avoid eye contact with the animal and stand very still, like a tree, until the animal moves away.